In a world where customers wake up every morning asking ‘what’s new, what’s different, what’s amazing?’ success depends on a company’s ability to unleash initiative, imagination and passion of employees at all levels.”, said Tom Peters, who co-authored with Robert H. Waterman Jr, a book titled ‘In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America’s Best-Run Companies’. Although the book was first published in 1982, it’s still considered as the best business book ever and Tom Peters, one of the first management gurus.
Significantly, it was Tom Peters who first predicted in 1999, the looming white-collar revolution, which is now a fact of life. Post globalisation, there are new challenges of different dimensions, making the role of managers more complex. Compared to the era of active trade unionism prior to globalization, leading people in today’s passive trade unionism, is even tougher. This is not just due to increased opportunities, but also complexities of human behaviour in modern world, accentuated by internal and external stress factors as well as deficiencies in leadership.
Decades of my own experience in leading organizations have demonstrated that most common failure is in execution and therefore, I would emphasize that ‘execution is the key to excellence’. An important factor in excellence in execution is the failure of managers to get the best out of their pool of talent.
Balancing task and people orientation
Other resources remaining same, the basic factor driving productivity is human effort. In general, people orientation has a soothing, positive effect on motivation, whereas mere task orientation can have negative connotation. Therefore, achieving productivity is indeed challenging for managers, irrespective of their functional responsibility.
Therefore, in their quest for productivity, how should managers meet these challenges? The answer is to recognise that task and people orientation are not exclusive, but need balancing.
One effective way to balance task and people is through team building, to achieve corporate goals. The outcome of team building is a successful pursuit of common goals. So, how should one go about this delicate act of balancing task and people?
Here is a guideline:
- Objective: A common objective, goals and values in alignment with the corporate vision is essential. This could be meeting your annual or quarterly targets, handling a project for a client or completing an audit in time.
- Build trust and relation: Trust ensures transparency and facilitates two-way communication, leading to people participation in management. Further, it helps to build personal relations with your people.
- Role of the leader: A manager as the leader must take responsibility to organise resources and delegate effectively. Remember, being in the driver’s seat, the speed of the leader is often the speed of the team.
- Healthy competition: Build healthy competition within the team and with other teams. This leads to unity of purpose where all team members work together a common vision. Intra and inter team competition works in the best interest of the organisation, leading to higher productivity.
- Handling results: It’s good to be tough when a team tastes success, to avoid complacency. On the other hand, when the team faces failure, give your support and encouragement. Believe in yourself and in the abilities of your team, to bounce back, when thing don’t go as planned.
Ram Charan, the well-known author and expert on the often-ignored subject of Execution demonstrates in the book ‘Execution-the discipline of getting things done’, the ultimate difference between a company and its competitor is, in fact, the ability to execute. Execution is the missing link between aspirations and results, and as such, making it happen is the business leader’s most important job. Achieving a balance in task and people orientation, helps in execution efficiency, leading to excellence.
[The writer is a management and career consultant, and a core-committee member of KMA and can be reached at email@example.com]